Reverse logistics is one of the cutting-edge ideas in the transportation and logistics industry. The phrase describes the procedures involved in recycling materials and goods. Reverse logistics is a growing technique for planning, implementing, and controlling the efficient and economical flow of raw materials, finished goods, inventory, and information along the supply chain. In contrast, recycling has grown widespread in the TLM industry. The idea is beginning to take shape to guarantee that the extra items are taken care of to prevent waste. To address cash flow difficulties, it is now possible for items to migrate from customers into manufacturing. In the future, when raw materials and natural resources become more scarce, the idea will make more sense (Bazan, Jaber & Zanoni, 2016). It will influence the TLM industry by preventing resource waste and adding value for consumers, producers, and distributors.
While the greening principle has gained popularity in other industries, the idea of green truck routing as a component of green logistics has recently existed within the TLM industry. The idea is utilized in conjunction with sustainability primarily due to the ongoing emphasis on the industry’s impact on the environment. Hence, “green logistics” denotes a concern for the manufacturing processes to prevent the industry from adversely influencing the environment (Bektaş, Demir, & Laporte, 2016). There are current initiatives to ensure decreased environmental harm, air pollution, climate change, and noise, highlighting the critical role of green logistics. The concept has a bright future as the transportation industry works to reduce its global environmental effect.