BY440 Stem Cell Biology

Question:

Please complete the following table

Biological Macromolecule

Ratio of Elements

Function

Monomer

Exemples

Functional Group(s).

Carbohydrate

CHO

– Structure (cell walls and exoskeletons).

Lipids

CHO

1:2:very few

CHON

There is no ratio

CHONP

There is no ratio

Answer:

Biological Macromolecule

Ratio of Elements

Function

Monomer

Exemples

Functional Group(s).

Carbohydrate

(Marshall and al.

CHO

– Short term energy storage to support metabolism

Structure (cell walls and exoskeletons).

-Fat Oxidation

Lipids

CHO

1:2:very few

– Keep large amounts of energy in storage

– Structure (phospholipids are a major component of the cell membrane).

Source of vitamins A, D and E. K fat soluble

-Protecting organs with heating

-Act as a chemical messenger

Glycerol, fatty acids

-Triglyceride, glycerol + 3 essential fatty acids

CHON

There is no ratio

(Amino- and carboxyl groups are present.

The presence of a peptide bond can be used to identify the species.

– Long term energy storage

– Provisional support for structure

-Respond to stimuli

-Storage, transportation and storage of molecules

-Body regulation – Formation of antibodies to support the immune system

-Creation and activation of hormones and enzymes -catalytic reactions

-Synthesis, DNA and Repair

-Signal transduction

(Leucine and Alanine, isleucine and valine, among others)

–COOH (with a long hydrocarbon chain- R – more than 16 C)

CHONP

There is no ratio

(Nucleotides consist of a 5-carbon sugar, a nitrogenous phosphate base and a phosphate-group.

-Storage genetic material

-Transmission genetic or hereditary information from one generation of one to the next

-Protein synthesis using ribosomes and RNA

DNA

1 Sugar

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