angiotension renal system

angiotension renal system

The angiotension renal system adjusts blood circulating volume and pressure during hypertension management. It activates when the blood pressure declines to increase electrolyte and water reabsorption in the kidney (Foundation & Lappin, 2017). Angiotensin II and aldosterone in the brain elevate sympathetic outflow, leading to hypertension. The system balances electrolyte and fluid levels and manages vascular resistance and tones (Takahashi et al., 2011). In this regard, it promotes oxidative stress in the brain, which activates sympathetic outflow.

Hypertension can lead to chronic renal failure, which makes arteries surrounding the kidenys weaken, narrow, or harden. Therefore, the affected arteries deliver insufficient blood to kidney tissues because the nephrons have inadequate oxygen and nutrient (Pugh et al., 2019). When the kidneys are affected, they cannot filter blood properly or control BP.

References:

Fountain, J. H., & Lappin, S. L. (2017). Physiology, renin-angiotensin system.

Pugh, D., Gallacher, P. J., & Dhaun, N. (2019). Management of hypertension in chronic kidney disease. Drugs, 79(4), 365-379.

Takahashi, H., Yoshika, M., Komiyama, Y., & Nishimura, M. (2011). The central mechanism underlying hypertension: a review of the roles of sodium ions, epithelial sodium channels, the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, oxidative stress, and endogenous digitalis in the brain. Hypertension Research, 34(11), 1147-1160.

How to place an order?

Take a few steps to place an order on our site:

  • Fill out the form and state the deadline.
  • Calculate the price of your order and pay for it with your credit card.
  • When the order is placed, we select a suitable writer to complete it based on your requirements.
  • Stay in contact with the writer and discuss vital details of research.
  • Download a preview of the research paper. Satisfied with the outcome? Press “Approve.”

Feel secure when using our service

It's important for every customer to feel safe. Thus, at Nursing Presentations, we take care of your security.

Financial security You can safely pay for your order using secure payment systems.
Personal security Any personal information about our customers is private. No other person can get access to it.
Academic security To deliver no-plagiarism samples, we use a specially-designed software to check every finished paper.
Web security This website is protected from illegal breaks. We constantly update our privacy management.

Get assistance with placing your order. Clarify any questions about our services. Contact our support team. They are available 24\7.

Still thinking about where to hire experienced authors and how to boost your grades? Place your order on our website and get help with any paper you need. We’ll meet your expectations.

Order now Get a quote

Open chat
Order through WhatsApp!
nursingpresentations.com
Hello!
You Can Now Place your Order through WhatsApp